Europe ended 2015 with a deficit of 365,000 ICT professionals and the forecasts for the coming years are no better.

 

The data is nothing rosy. Report after report, analysis after analysis, the market balance of technology professionals is questioned. Companies seem eager for workers. But these workers do not exist, or are not occupying the available positions with the required speed. There is more supply than demand. And this problem is global. Last year, Europe had a deficit of 365,000 ICT professionals , according to numbers of the Adecco Group. And the future is nothing hopeful. In fact, if we take into account that today there are 60% fewer students of computer engineering than those that would be needed to fill vacancies, everything seems to indicate that the deficit will be enlarged. By 2020, if it is not remedied, 756,000 will be missing ICT professionals in the region.

In collaboration with the portal Infoempleo , Adecco has published a few days ago an employment report in which it analyzes the current situation of the Spanish companies and the future of the labor market in our country. Here, almost half of the companies are encountering problems to fill the positions they offer. The shortage of talent has become a general evil, even with the high levels of unemployment that have been achieved in our country. According to the INE, today there are still more than 4.3 million unemployed in Spain. According to Adecco and Infoempleo, 49.1% of companies have difficulty finding the ideal candidate for some of their free positions, either because of the lack of experience of those who intend to take them, because they they expect a salary higher than the one offered, due to the lack of technical skills or, at the other extreme, due to overqualification. Sometimes, simply, there are no candidates.

Although the department that is suffering the most is the commercial one, it would not be the only one. 8.6% of respondents, for example, are unable to complete their telecommunications staff as they would like. And the same happens with the topic of R&D. But what is that ideal candidate like? What is the profile that is so much desired and not found? What’s more, what would a Spanish worker’s resume have to say to find, almost certainly, a job? Above all, you have to have experience . This seems more important than academic training. More than two fifths of human resources experts value this aspect at the time of selection, especially if it is experience in an equivalent previous position. The ability to work as a team as the main interpersonal skill is also appreciated. To this we must add the domain of new technologies, which is also requested by the majority, and have worked abroad.

From a purely ICT point of view, what would be hired are professionals who have a university degree, willing to work in Madrid or Barcelona with indefinite contracts and end up with a salary of between 30,000 and 60,000 euros gross per year. In Spain, what is most needed is programmers , but there are also opportunities for project managers and experts in CRM, Business Intelligence and systems, among others. The technologies that must be controlled, based on the 2015 data that is the last for which complete statistics are available, are Java, J2EE, .NET, SAP, PHP, QA, ATG, ERP, C ++ and iOS. According to those Ticjob handles for Q3 of 2016, the most current demands in Spain today are Java, mainly, and JavaScript, HTML5 and .NET .

In this sense, an investigation by CareerBuilder and EMSI already explained in his day he could not take his eyes off jobs as a software developer, applications and web pages or responsible for computer systems and information. It is not that ICT training has no way out, on the contrary, it is just the way out. The crisis that the technological sector is experiencing around the world has to do with the fact that its high demands are not met, because society is not accompanying them. More people with technical training are needed and it is already needed . The ManpowerGroup Study on Talent Shortage 2016/2017 notes that the number of managers unable to join the ranks Of its companies the right workers has risen twelve percentage points in just one year to 26%. It is the highest percentage for Spain since 2008, when it stood at 27%.

And the three profiles that are causing more headaches to Spanish recruiters are commercial directors, technicians and skilled workers in manual trades. In the top 5 engineers also sneak in. Meanwhile, the IT professional is in sixth position, which makes it one of the most difficult to achieve in the current labor market. Within the world of Information and Communication Technologies, the security field must be taken into account, where the incessant activity of cyber criminals highlights the risk of not preparing today’s kids to become security experts online tomorrow. Kaspersky Lab calculates that, if nothing changes, by 2020 the world will face down with a deficit of 1.5 million cybersecurity professionals . The U-tad warned at the end of 2015 that more than one million experts of this type were needed.

An uncertain future

Security experts are sought. Experts are sought at data . Experts in mobility are sought. And why is there so much shortage of talent? The answer is not unique. It would be a combination of factors, such as the short career of some candidates or the lack of skills that are considered key, among others. Thus, Adecco indicates that training is one of the answers that are being given to combat the general employability crisis. Some companies would be deploying training measures for already hired employees. In Spain, 42.3% of organizations undertake internal training that broadens or perfects the skills of their staff. Another 24% have introduced changes in their selection processes and 18.3% look to education centers as places to find the desired talent. Other resources, more minority, are internal mobility, outsourcing , candidate exchanges, communication investments, salary increases, bonus and new incentives.

The future, in any case, is uncertain. It is not in vain that it comes from a grim past. During the last year, 65 out of every 100 home businesses processed layoffs. The most affected were commercial and customer service personnel.Although the technological part is not saved either: 12.3% say that the cuts have been majority in the Department of Technology and Information Technology. Another 19.6% points to Engineering and Production. In addition, most companies doubt that by 2020 they will recover the compensation levels that once existed. The economic crisis has left a clear mismatch between vacancies and possible occupants in Spain that, says Adecco, worries almost a quarter of the business fabric. To top it off, two fifths bet that automation and progress tech end up destroying more jobs. Within the negativity, the good thing is that computer and internet professionals will be the second most demanded within two years , followed by engineers, and that is something to take advantage of by the workforce.